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Chapter 17
9. Three different drug treatments are used to control hypertension. At the end of treatment, the investigator classifies patients as having either a favorable or an unfavorable response to the medication. Set alpha at .05, and conduct a chisquare test regarding the null hypothesis of no relationship. If necessary, use the R statistic to determine which cells make a major contribution to the 2 . Interpret the findings. If there is evidence of an effect, what is the effect size?
Response    I            II                III
Favorable    70    160    168          398
Unfavorable    30    40    32            102

10. A psychologist hypothesized that biological males are more likely than biological females to accumulate objects of trivial significance because of a biological basis to acquire and possess. Both male and female students were loaned No. 2 pencils with which to take a multiplechoice exam. A box labeled pencils was positioned next to a table upon which students were to place their answer sheets. The investigator counted the number of males and females who returned the pencils. The hypothesis was that males would be more likely to keep the object. Conduct a chisquare test to analyze the data. If there is evidence of an effect, what is the effect size?

    Kept Pencil    Return Pencil
Males    15    40
Females     38    17

11. Specify the correct df for each of these designs.
A. 22
B.  34
C. 45
D. 13

18. A marketing psychologist is hired as a consultant to an association of recreational vehicle dealers. The dealers would like to know if they should seasonally alter their advertising focus. The psychologist collects data on the number of RVs sold in each season of the year. Conduct a chisquare test with = .05 on the following observed frequencies. Perform followup tests if appropriate. Interpret the findings for the dealers.

Spring    Summer    Fall    Winter   
160    190    170    130   

19. Blow are some data regarding a potential relationship between driving conditions and automobile accidents. Run the appropriate chisquare test to see if a relationship exists.
    Accident    No Accident
Rain    29    35
No Rain    31    48

Chapter 18

7. The following represents a bivariate distribution, using continuous measures. Convert these scores to ranks. Assign a rank of 1 to the lowest score.
X     Y
3     7
2    2
4     4
9    12
8     8
4     2

12. Perform a Spearman rank correlation on the ranked data from Problem 12. Can the null hypothesis be rejected if =.05 for a twotailed test?

7 review
9. researcher would like to examine the correlation between stress and reading comprehension. The researcher randomly selects a sample of nine firstyear college students. Participants are asked to rate their current level of stress on a 110 scale, with 1 = no stress and 10 = extreme stress. They are then given a short story to read and a 15item comprehension test upon completion of the story. Stress levels and test scores are listed below. What test should be used to measure the relationship and test the null hypothesis of no relationship? Why that particular test? Make a decision regarding the null.
Stress level    Test Score
2        3
6        11   
9        10
3        6   
10        9               
3        4           
8        12
7        14
9        8

11. Suppose the biology professor mentioned in the previous question decided to count the number of burps each student generated. Would the test used to analyze the data change? If so, what would be the appropriate test?

12. A university administrator looked at the number of senior students majoring in sociology and found 21 out of 24 to be biological females. Assuming the student body at this university is roughly equal in terms of biological sex, what test would the administrator use to see if this academic program is overrepresented with biological females?
13 A team of social science researchers wants to know more about social media usage. They are interested in which platforms university students prefer, what type of students use them heavily, and for what social purposes they are used.
A.    Think of a research situation that would employ a chisquare test for independence.
B.    Think of a research situation that would employ an independentsamples t test.
C.    Think of a research situation that would employ a Wilcoxon signedranks test.
14. In fantasy baseball, groups of pretend owners conduct a draft in which they can buy baseball players to fill out their roster for an upcoming season. These madeup teams are then compared based on the individual performance of each team member of each team. At the end of the season, team winners are declared based on the cumulative performance of the roster of players. This practice has become quite popular and many leagues of friends have stayed together for 20 years or more. Because of some small rule differences between the two leagues within professional baseball, players drafted from National League teams tend to have better defensive numbers, while players drafted from American League teams tend to have better offensive numbers. This opens the door to an interesting question: Is there an advantage to drafting players from one league or the other (all other things being equal) in a fantasy league situation? One way to look at this issue might be to see which madeup teams have won the fantasy league in the past teams with predominantly National League players or teams with predominantly American League players. If we had access to this data, describe a methodological situation that would employ the following analytical tools.
A.  A chisquare goodnessoffit test
B. A pointbiserial correlation
C. A Spearman rank correlation


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