After reviewing this weeks readings and resources I have found that there are two types of motivation, intrinsic and extrinsic. In sum, intrinsic motivation is what gives us our drive for which ever reason such as a reward and extrinsic motivation is essentially external factors such as the environment that stimulates a drive. Drive is a motivation for a reinforcer (Terry, 2018). Motivation stimulates behavior in us and in other animals. People can have different motivations to things because of their preferences whether it is pleasurable or painful (Annenberg Learner, 2001). Much of our preferences are what we learn by observing others. No one form of motivation is better than the other because we need to have both intrinsic and extrinsic motivations to shape who we are. However, intrinsic motivation is looked at as being the more preferred area of interest as it an internal drive to a persons behavior that comes from within them such as the motivation to finish a race even if they are last. Motivations can also be biological or a means of survival and procreation (Annenberg Learner, 2001). It can also be the cause of how we obtain fears of things. Dacey, Baltzell, and Zaichkowsky (2008) explain that extrinsic motivation can also be characterized by attempting to avoid immediate consequences.
My first memorable experience with an extrinsic motivation was getting a bicycle for getting good grades all year when I was nine years old. I was motivated to do good in school so I would get the free bicycle until then I became more motivated to get good grades in general. Now, I am my own worst critic for schoolwork. I have goals to have good grades which in turn help me feel accomplished.
Annenberg Learner (2001). Discovering Psychology: Motivation and Emotion: http://www.learner.org/series/discoveringpsychology/12/e12expand.html (Links to an external site.)
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Dacey, M., Baltzell, A., & Zaichkowsky, L. (2008). Older adults intrinsic and extrinsic motivation toward physical activity. American Journal of Health Behavior, 32(6), 570582. https://doi-org.proxy-library.ashford.edu/10.5993/AJHB.32.6.2
Terry, W.S. (2018). Learning & memory: Basic principles, processes, and procedures. (5th ed.) United Kingdom: Routledge.