Week 7 Bonus
Gottman (2003) has identified four negative factors as particularly destructive that are predictors of divorce.  These are known as the four horseman of the apocalypse:
Criticism –  Using words like “you always” or “you never”, which leads the partner to feel under attack and respond defensively. The antidote is to make a direct complaint that is not a global attack on your partner’s personality.
Defensiveness – Attempting to defend yourself from a perceived attack with a counter complaint, which escalates negative communication. The antidote is to try to hear your partner’s complaint and to take some responsibility for the problem.
Contempt – A statement or nonverbal behavior that puts you on a level of superiority (e.g., name calling, rolling eyes, sneering, mocking), which destroys the fondness and admiration. The antidote is to work on building a culture of appreciation and use less contemptuous statements and behaviors.
Stonewalling – Withdrawing from the conversation, due to being overwhelmed and trying to calm down. The antidote is to learn to identify signs that one or both partners is overwhelmed and agree to take a break.
Here is a short video describing these factors and anedotes:

These are some factors that can predict the demise of a relationship. Are there other factors you have come across in your readings that predict why marriages stay together?

Writing an essay outline is an important step in the writing process. An outline helps you organize your thoughts and ideas, and it makes it easier to write a well-structured essay. Here are the steps to help you write an essay outline like writers do:

Choose a topic: The first step in writing an essay outline is to choose a topic for your essay. It’s important to choose a topic that you are interested in and one that you have enough information on.

Brainstorm ideas: Once you have a topic, brainstorm ideas and jot down notes on what you want to write about. Think about your thesis statement, main points, and supporting evidence.

Create a thesis statement: Your thesis statement is the main point of your essay. It should be clear and concise, and it should express the main idea that you want to convey in your essay.

Organize your main points: Organize your main points into a logical order. Each main point should be a topic sentence that supports your thesis statement. Use bullet points or numbers to organize your main points.

Gather supporting evidence: Gather supporting evidence for each of your main points. This may include facts, statistics, or examples.

Write an introduction: In the introduction, introduce your topic and provide some background information on it. End the introduction with your thesis statement.

Write the body paragraphs: The body paragraphs should each focus on a specific main point. Start each paragraph with a topic sentence that relates to your thesis statement. Provide evidence to support your main point and use examples and personal experience to illustrate your points.

Write a conclusion: In the conclusion, summarize your main points and restate your thesis statement. Provide a final thought or call to action.

Edit and revise: Once you have completed your essay outline, take some time to edit and revise it. Check for grammar and spelling errors, and make sure your ideas flow logically.

Remember, an essay outline is a roadmap for your essay. It helps you organize your thoughts and ideas, and it makes it easier to write a well-structured essay. With these steps, you can write an essay outline like writers do.

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