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NUR3805 Dimensions of Professional Practice
Chapter 10 Discussion
Follow the instructions under Discussion Board Rubric and Discussion Guidelines and APA Tips to create your post and respond to at least one other student. Internal citations and references are required.
So ~ We’re always talking about evidenced-based practice, but HOW DOES ONE FIND THE EVIDENCE?!?
Let’s talk about scholarly articles for a moment ~ There are different types of scholarly literature, some of which require original research (or “primary literature”) and some that are based on other published work (“secondary literature”). For this module, though I highly value original work, we are going to look at review articles (a secondary literature source). Review articles give an overview of existing literature on a topic, often identifying specific problems or issues and analyzing information from available published work on the topic with a balanced perspective.
There are three types of review articles (broadly speaking!):
1. the literature review: An important part of the text of a scholarly paper that includes the current knowledge including substantive findings, as well as theoretical and methodological contributions on a specific topic.
2. the systematic review: This form of review collects and summarizes all empirical evidence that fits pre-specified eligibility criteria (our review of choice this week!).
3. the meta-analysis: This just strengthens the findings of a systematic review as it statistically combines data from multiple studies to evaluate a common effect.
Systematic reviews and meta-analysis are considered to be the highest quality evidence on a research topic because their study design reduces bias and produces more reliable findings. This week we are going to look at a topic of your choice. Ideally, there are a least peer reviewed articles on the topic, however it would be nice to find a systematic review. How does one find systematic reviews?! (Hint: Look at CINAHL database through EFSC library and Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews (CDSR) which is considered the leading resource for systematic reviews in health care. The CDSR includes Cochrane Reviews (Links to an external site.)Links to an external site. (the systematic reviews) and protocols @ Link (Links to an external site.)Links to an external site.)
Discussion:  Please answer 2 of the 5 questions below. Choose ONE of questions from 1-4 AND complete question 5.
Part I: Answer question 1, 2,3 or 4:
1. Discuss the difference between inductive and deductive reasoning. Why is neither adequate to advance knowledge alone?
2. Identify the NIH and NINR definition of nursing research. Base on this, what is the primary focus of EBP?
3. Is inductive or deductive reasoning most likely to change practice? Explain.
4. Where does research on improving nursing education and learning outcomes fit into the definition of nursing research provided by the NIH and NINR definition?
Part II: Please answer the following question:
5.  Choose a topic that interests you and examine the SECONDARY research using the PICO process.
Do a search of the literature in 2 data bases: CINAHL database (Cumulative Index of Nursing and Allied Health Literature ~ the largest and most in-depth nursing research database) and Cochrane (at the ‘gold standard’ for EBP) and, based on your findings, choose ONE secondary research article (ideally a systematic review or meta-analysis!) that interests you to summarize. In the summary, please include:
Can the steps of the research process be identified ?
Does the article make you consider practicing in a different way?
How To Resource: How to do a library data base search: Go to Library Resources on your site. choose Database Search. Click on the the data bases then put in your search words: CINAHL ~ this process takes practice. Don’t let yourself feel frustrated at the process!
Cochrane Database is not part of the EFSC database collection but it is accessible to you. In regard to the Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews (CDSR) you can use the advanced search (Links to an external site.)Links to an external site. or you can browse by topic (Links to an external site.)Links to an external site. or by Cochrane Review Group (Links to an external site.)Links to an external site. (CRG).

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